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Raw ADC Measurement

This is a basic introduction to recording an analog input. We commonly refer to the analog input as the Analog-to-Digital-Converter or ADC.

This demo plays a constant amplitude pulse to output 1 of the OPX and feeds it back to input 1 of the OPX. We then record this signal.


The config file declares 1 quantum element called qe1 which has both an input and an output. The quantum element input is connected to OPX output number 1. The quantum element output is connected to OPX input number 1.

Crucially, the element also defines two parameters: time_of_flight and smearing these must be declared to perform a measurement. These parameters are described in detail on the QUA documentation site.

The quantum element has one operation called readoutOp. The readoutOp operation plays a constant amplitude pulse called readoutPulse which has a duration 1 μS\mu S.

readoutPulse also declares a digital_marker. This is a digital signal which tells the OPX when to perform the measurement.


Note that failing to declare a digital_marker will not fail program compilation, but will prevent data from being acquired.


The QUA program calls the measure command with the readoutOp. The third argument to measure is the name of the stream where the ADC measured samples are saved.

We run the program on the simulator for 500 clock cycles and take the simulated samples from the simulation job.

The acquired ADC stream is taken from result_handles. Note the change of name of the raw ADC steam from the name we specified in the program (raw_adc) to the name we use to get the stream (raw_adc_input1). This is an idiosyncrasy of the raw ADC interface which doesn't not appear in other QUA data saving mechanisms.

Post processing#

We generate two subplots showing the simulated samples on top and the measured stream on the bottom. The x scale is in sample number. While the sample rate is 1/nanosecond, we do not attempt to align top and bottom to specific time stamps to keep this example as simple as possible.

Sample output#



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